•  Where ecological restoration of native species and wildlife habitat is the goal, straight species of historically referenced native plant communities are re-istated.

•  Where ecological function (e.g., wildlife support, erosion prevention, water management, etc.) and/or aesthetic pleasure is the aim, the plant palette expands to include selected non-natives and cultivars.

•  Where food and sustenance for human life is primary, the emphasis shifts to plants with edible, medicinal, and/or practical value, regardless of place of origin.

Cindy creates meadow/pollinator plantings, perennial food/medicine gardens, woodland wildflower plantings, productive woodland understories, food forest gardens, rain gardens, xeriscapes, rockery plantings, and others! She is experienced as well with streambanks, ephemeral streambeds, and pond edges.

Cindy's focus is on ecological processes, interactions, and relationships

of living beings in time and space, acknowledging the urge of each

and all to survive, prosper, and regenerate. The work is future-oriented and often deals with highly disturbed or stressed sites.

Water issues, whether too much or too little, are dealt with by adjusting topography and hydrology for maximum benefit, and with  fitting new plantings to the conditions.

ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE DESIGN

Planting plans and detail designs follow on comprehensive site study and analyses, master planning, and conceptual design.

Installation is followed by monitoring, management/stewardship plans, and management guidance.

Planting schemes relate to objectives: